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  • Zakat Nisab And Rate

    Posted by abubaker anis on July 5, 2020 at 7:43 am

    Further to my previous question, I have received some of the answer, I put the question back to individual , I have not received the reply , I am not sure about the format of these discussions, if I can continue to have further explanation from the individual, who replied to me. I was told that zakat on income would be around 5-10%, and that state has no right to put income tax . First who has put this figure of 5-10% , where did the 2.5% zakat concept has come from,. Is it mentioned in Quran, if state does not take income tax , how are they going to run the state. secondly let me ask a practical question, a retired couple in Pakistan who are getting a small pension, but over their entire life managed to save money with Pakistan national saving, so that the interest paid would supplement their income for the rest of their life. If they start to pay zakat on their saving, that will bring their income down, and after few years they will not able to cope and live a reasonable life, as we know that there is a constant inflation in the country as well. Allah does not want to put people under financial problem where they are forced to beg.

    Thanks

    A b anis

    Umer replied 3 years, 6 months ago 5 Members · 6 Replies
  • 6 Replies
  • Zakat Nisab And Rate

    Umer updated 3 years, 6 months ago 5 Members · 6 Replies
  • Umer

    Moderator July 5, 2020 at 8:12 am

    Assalamualikum Anis sb.

    Regarding your previous question the essence of which was: “My point is this if I already pay a very high income tax, which is used for the welfare of the population, do I still need to pay zakat which is 2.5%”. The short answer to this question is that no, you do not need to pay zakah separately if the tax paid by you to the Govt. is over and above the zakah payable by you. Zakah will be considered paid. Rest of the text was an explanation of Islamic viewpoint that Islam holds the sanctity of people’s wealth and assets and forbids the state to collect anything from the individuals forcefully other than the zakah prescribed by the God.

    Regarding your current question, the personality of Prophet Muhammad (sws) is the only source of religion now till the end of this world. It is from Him (sws) we received the whole of religion in two forms namely: Quran & Sunnah. Both of them are transmitted to Muslim Ummah by a consensus (ijma) of Sahaba (Companions) of Prophet from generation-to-generation.

    All the ibadah including, Hajj, Salah, Zakah, Saum (fasting), Animal Sacrifice on the day of Eid etc. were initiated by the Prophet (sws) himself and have been in practice even today without any discontinuation on the part of Muslim Ummah. It is through this Sunnah from where we got the law of zakah including its nisab, exemptions, rates and its application. Quran sometimes mentions particular aspects of these Ibadah, sometimes to emphasize on them, sometimes to clear any big misunderstanding; but all of this is done under the pretext that all these Ibadah were already practiced by Muslims. Quran is not the initiator of those Ibadah.

    If you have further questions, please do let me know.

    ______________________________________

    (You can carry the discussion under the same topic if it’s closely related to the topic, otherwise you can always start a new discussion considering your ease. You can always connect with us mods so that you can tag us in the future to let us know about your queries.)

  • Umer

    Moderator July 5, 2020 at 8:51 am

    Second part of your question:

    Zakah is applicable to the amount that is over and above the exempted amount (Nisab). If the income of that couple is below that Nisab, then there is no zakah applicable on that couple.

    The couple’s Zakah on Produce (i.e. The return on savings):

    Their capital / principal amount of investment is exempt from zakah (because it is considered as a tool of production which is exempt in case of produce), only zakah that they’re obligated to pay is on the amount of profit they receive from those savings; provided that profit is over and above the Nisab amount. The zakah of 10% would be applicable on their amount of return over and above the nisab.

    We consider the return on savings a form of produce that’s why we linked it to category of produce.

    For nisab on produce, Govt. provided exemption amount can be used as provided in tax laws. In its absence, the pure nisab for produce should be used. i.e. amount equivalent to 653 kilograms of dates.

    The couple’s Zakah on Year End Wealth:

    And at year end, on the day fixed by the couple, any year end amount of their wealth, other than exempted items and amount below the nisab for wealth, zakat would be 2.5% on those savings. (the principal amount of savings would still be exempt and not included in the wealth of year end calculation because it is not a part of their immediate wealth as it is locked in as an investment principal and not readily accessible).

    Nisab for year end calculation of wealth is amount equivalent to 642 grams of silver.

    Here is law of zakah summarized:

    You can calculate Zakah in the following manner:

    1. Fix any one day of the year for the calculation of Zakah. On all subsequent years, Zakah should be calculated on this day.

    2. Subtract the value of 642 grams of silver from your total wealth on this particular day which includes value of your jewelry not for personal use, value of other assets which are not of personal use (your personal house, jewelry for personal use and car are examples of assets in personal use).[1] & [2]

    3. 2 1/2 % of this amount is the Zakah to which you are liable. In case you are a salaried person you should also pay 10 %[3] & [4] of your salary every time you receive it. You can deduct the amount the government has fixed as exemption to salaried persons and then pay the said percentage of the remaining amount as Zakah.

    Remember, if it is not possible to pay your Zakah money in one go you can pay in installments as well.

    4. Since Zakah is the only tax which a government can impose on its citizens, you can deduct other taxes that you have paid from your Zakah amount. If the balance is negative you do not have to pay Zakah.

    ___________________________

    [1] Nothing except the tools of production, personal items of daily use and a fixed quantity called nisab are exempt from zakah. It shall be collected annually on wealth of all sorts, livestock of all types and produce of all forms of every Muslim citizen who is liable to it.

    [2] This nisab is as follows:

    (a) Wealth: 5 uqiyahs / 642 grams of silver

    (b) Produce: 5 wasaqs / 653 kilograms of dates

    (c) Livestock: 5 camels, 30 cows, 40 goats

    [3] If the basis of the Sunnah established in Zakah is taken into consideration, production of all forms based on various skills must be classified as produce and not as wealth; therefore, its rates and nisab should be those specified by the Prophet (sws) for land produce.

    [4] Produce: (i) 5% : on all items which are produced by the interaction of both labor and capital, (ii) 10% on items which are produced such that the basic factor in producing them is either labor or capital and (iii) 20% in items which are produced neither as a result of capital nor labor but actually are a gift of God.

  • $ohail T@hir

    Moderator July 5, 2020 at 3:48 pm

    Salam Anis (@abu) sb, you can post any follow-up questions in the comments. Thank you.

  • Ali Ali

    Member August 23, 2020 at 4:43 pm

    AoA, I am living in a foreign (non-Islamic) country and paying an income tax of around 30%. Also, saving some portion of this salary (after paying tax) to buy a house in the coming 2 years. My question is that, am I bound to pay Zakat on my overall saved salary for the purpose of buying a house in the near future?

    • Umer

      Moderator August 24, 2020 at 8:57 am

      Assalamualikum Ali Sahab! As per my understanding, there will be zakat on both your salary (production) and your year end wealth (savings). For details on nature,rate and Nisab of zakat, you can refer to above discussion. You can also adjust the tax paid against your Zakat obligation.

      However, If you have any genuine commitment of payment in favour of a party whose non-payment would infringe rights of that party and fulfilment of those rights are your responsibility e.g. Savings specifically made for future fees payment of your children, payment of upcoming salaries of employees from savings of today when sales are down because of Corona and other scenarios like this–In those circumstances, you can consider those savings exempt.

      Similar scenarios have been discussed in this discussion with Ghamidi Sahab, you can assess and analyse your situation based on principles being discussed here. Please refer to the video below from 49:19 to 55:16

      https://youtu.be/kh-kRZP6g1U?t=2959

  • Faisal Haroon

    Moderator August 23, 2020 at 9:37 pm

The discussion "Zakat Nisab And Rate" is closed to new replies.

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