If descion making & planning process is done in motor ad premotor cortex and intellect cames from brain where is “I” who decide to do any act? it is brain deciding and planning which is doing it unconciously . So where is free will and why there is a judgment if no free will ?
Quran states that it is our soul that is held responsible for its deeds. If so, then perhaps it is our soul that makes decision and then transfers those decisions to our conscious mind and we act upon it. Still we are what our soul is, so out soul has the free will. This doesn’t negate not having free will.
Although generally in life part of our life is controlled by Allah to offer us with different test scenarios and we do not have free will there; such as, where we are born, what gender we are born, what circumstances in life we go through and many other things. In some other aspects of life, we or our soul has free will to chose a path.
According to the Quran and also as per our personal experience, we have both a physical as well as a metaphysical (mind / consciousness / free will) existence. In fact in our physical existence we might be constrained in various ways, but we’re completely free in our metaphysical existence. For example, if I lose my capability to walk as a result of an unfortunate accident, I have lost a certain level of my physical freedom; but I’m still free to believe in whatever I want.
Our physical existence is subservient to our metaphysical existence, and the Quran has recognized that order as well. The first and foremost requirement is belief in God and the day of judgement. What must follow as a result is performing good deeds. That is the gist of religion – the rest are details. It must also be noted that in the Quran, belief is not used to refer to blind faith. To the contrary, the required belief is very much based on evidence.
Please also see Ghamidi sahab’s opinion in this regard below:
In the name of Allah the most knowledgable, the ultimate judge.
The nature of universe is cause and effect.
Free will is relative because of the natute of the physical world that has hard limitations and repercussions and morality has repercussions with no hard limitations.
The law of the land says that I will be fined if I drive more than 100km/hr.
My free will and freedom give me the choice of not driving or driving at any speed upto 100km/hr with out penalty or drive faster and accepting the consequences. I choose to drive faster despite knowing the repercussions.
My physical “hard” limitations stop me from flying my car or driving beyond the capabilities of the car or my driving skills which bear repercussions of morbidity or mortality of my body or that of others.
My moral “soft” limitations will “try” to stop me from driving fast but I can still drive disregarding it, for which I will accept and suffer the consequences at my own volition. I have accepted the consequences of injury and or death of myself and also that of other human beings.
The problem is that of confusing compulsion with consequences and also not realizing that there no such thing as absolute free will.
When we figure this out, we will be able to understand “there is no compulsion in religion” and “hell is for the deniers” apparent contradiction.
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