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  • Leading Funeral Prayer In Own Language

    Ahsan updated 3 years, 2 months ago 3 Members · 5 Replies
  • Ahsan

    Moderator March 19, 2021 at 12:35 pm

    There are three takbeers in Namaze Janazah, After first you recite surah fatiha then salutaion which shouldbe recited in arabic.
    For the dua part, a common person can recite in own language.
    However, based on hadith (https://sunnah.com/nasai:780), First of all you cannot lead if its in mosque as the authority lies with some one else. Secondly, I think an imam shouldnt do it because he is most knowledgable in Quran o sunnah. He should recite the dua in arabic.

  • Umer

    Moderator March 19, 2021 at 6:28 pm

    The only thing obligatory in Namaz-e-Janaza is saying of extra Takbirs and ending it with Salam, which is obligatory, the supplications and their order have been left to the person. Following is an excerpt from Ghamidi Sahab’s Book Meezan:

    In the religion of the prophets, the prayer for a deceased is held obligatory. [1]

    Once the dead body of the deceased is bathed and enshrouded, this prayer shall be offered in the following manner:

    People shall stand in rows behind the prayer-leader after placing the dead body between themselves and the qiblah.

    The prayer shall begin by saying the takbir and by raising hands.

    Like the ‘id prayer, some additional takbirs shall be said in this prayer. [2]

    The prayer shall end after the salam is said while a person is standing once the takbirs and the supplications have been offered.

    The above method of the funeral prayer is attested by the consensus of the Muslims and their perpetual adherence to it. Narratives which depict the knowledge and practice of the Prophet (sws) in this matter are detailed out below.

    Abu Hurayrah (rta) narrates from the Prophet (sws): “A person who walks in the funeral procession of a Muslim while professing full faith in the Almighty and with a feeling of accountability [to Him], then remains there till the funeral prayer is offered and the deceased is buried, returns with two carats worth of reward with each carat being [as big as] the mountain of Uhud. And he who offers the funeral prayer, but comes back before the burial, also returns with one carat from them.” [3]

    Abu Hurayrah (rta) narrates that the day king Negus died, the Prophet (sws) had it announced, then reached the place of the funeral prayer with the people, made rows [for the prayer] and said four takbirs in the prayer. [4]

    Ibn Abi Layla narrates that Zayd ibn Arqam usually said four takbirs in our funeral prayers. In one funeral, he said five takbirs. When we asked him, he replied: “The Prophet (sws) too used to do this at some instances.” [5]

    It is narrated by Talhah ibn ‘Abdullah: “I prayed behind Ibn ‘Abbas and he read Surah Fatihah in it and remarked: ‘I have recited [this out to you] so that you should know that this was the practice of the Prophet (sws).’” [6]

    Aishah (rta) narrates that the Prophet (sws) said: “Do not speak ill of the dead because they have reached the place where their deeds led them to.” [7]

    The supplications of this prayer which are ascribed to the Prophet (sws) are the following:

    1.

    اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ وَاعْفُ عَنْهُ وَعَافِهِ وَأَكْرِمْ نُزُلَهُ وَوَسِّعْ مُدْخَلَهُ وَاغْسِلْهُ بِمَاءٍ وَثلْجٍ وَبَرَدٍ وَنَقِّهِ مِنْ الْخَطَايَا كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الْأَبْيَضُ مِنْ الدَّنَسِ وَأَبْدِلْهُ دَارًا خَيْرًا مِنْ دَارِهِ وَأَهْلًا خَيْرًا مِنْ أَهْلِهِ وَزَوْجًا خَيْرًا مِنْ زَوْجِهِ وَقِه فِتْنَةَ الْقَبْرِ وَ عَذَابَ النَّارِ

    O Lord! Forgive him, pardon him, have mercy on him, and [O Lord!] Grant him prosperity and be a good host to him. Broaden his grave and wash him with water and with snow and with hail. Cleanse him of his sins just as a white piece of cloth is cleansed from dirt. [O Lord!] Grant him a better house in place of his own house and a better family than his own family and a wife better than his own and protect him from the punishment of the grave and from the torment of the Fire. [8]

    2.

    اللَّهُمَّ اغْفِرْ لِحَيِّنَا وَمَيِّتِنَا وَشَاهِدِنَا وَغَائِبِنَا وَصَغِيرِنَا وَكَبِيرِنَا وَذَكَرِنَا وَأُنْثَانَا اللَّهُمَّ مَنْ أَحْيَيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَأَحْيِهِ عَلَى الْإِسْلَامِ وَمَنْ تَوَفَّيْتَهُ مِنَّا فَتَوَفَّهُ عَلَى الْإِيمَانِ اللَّهُمَّ لَا تَحْرِمْنَا أَجْرَهُ وَلَا تُضِلَّنَا بَعْدَهُ

    O Lord! Forgive our living and our dead, those [who are] present [here] and those who are not and forgive our young ones and old ones, our men and our women. Lord! Whoever you give life, give him life such that he [follows] Islam and whoever you give death, let him die on faith. Lord! Do not deprive us of the reward of this deceased person and do not lead us astray after him. [9]

    3.

    اللَّهُمَّ إِنَّ فُلَانَ بْنَ فُلَانٍ فِي ذِمَّتِكَ وَحَبْلِ جِوَارِكَ فَقِهِ مِنْ فِتْنَةِ الْقَبْرِ وَعَذَابِ النَّارِ وَأَنْتَ أَهْلُ الْوَفَاءِ وَالْحَقِّ اللَّهُمَّ فَاغْفِرْ لَهُ وَارْحَمْهُ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

    Lord! Such-and-such a person who is the son of such-and-such a person is in your refuge and in the covenant of your asylum. So, [O Lord!] Protect him from the trial of the grave and the torment of the Fire. Only You are worthy of the truth and of the fulfilment of your promises. So, O God! Forgive him and have mercy on him. Indeed, you are Forgiving and Ever-Merciful. [10]”

    ______________

    [1]. This law relates to normal circumstances. If in some extra-ordinary circumstances, the funeral prayer becomes difficult to offer, the deceased can be buried without it also. It is evident from various narratives that because of this very reason the Prophet (sws) directed that the martyrs of the battle of Uhud be buried without giving them a bath and without offering the funeral prayer and then after many years offered their funeral prayer at their graves. (Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 214-215, (nos. 1343, 1344)

    [2]. The directive regarding these takbirs is the same as the one stated earlier for the takbirs of ‘id.

    [3]. Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 11, (no. 47); Muslim, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 380-382, (nos. 2189, 2196).

    [4]. Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 200, (no. 1245); Muslim, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 383, (no. 2204).

    [5]. Muslim, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 456, (no. 2616).

    [6]. Al-Bukhari, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 213, (no. 1335).

    [7]. Ibid., 224, (no. 1393).

    [8]. Muslim, Al-Jami‘ al-sahih, 387, (no. 2232).

    [9]. Ibn Majah, Sunan, vol. 2, 81, (no. 1498).

    [10]. Abu Da’ud, Sunan, vol. 3, 208, (no. 3202).

  • Ahsan

    Moderator March 20, 2021 at 1:27 am

    @UmerQureshi
    Thanks for this piece
    Can you throw light about imamat in own language too?

    • Umer

      Moderator March 20, 2021 at 12:03 pm

      Other than amaal and azkar fixed by the Prophet Muhammad (SWS) for funeral prayer as Sunnah, the rest is up to the person and can be done in any language. However, if one chooses to recite Quran, then it should only be in Arabic.

    • Ahsan

      Moderator March 20, 2021 at 2:08 pm

      Thanks

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