Difference Between Wudu Of Shia And SunniPosted by Syed Burhan Ahmed on April 6, 2021 at 8:40 am
Why is there a difference in the wudu of Shia muslims and sunni muslims ? It is mentioned clearly in Holy Quran but still ummah is divided into two methods of a very major and important factor.
April 6, 2021 at 9:59 am
According to Qur’an (5:6):
يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ ۚ وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا ۚ وَإِن كُنتُم مَّرْضَىٰ أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ أَوْ جَاءَ أَحَدٌ مِّنكُم مِّنَ الْغَائِطِ أَوْ لَامَسْتُمُ النِّسَاءَ فَلَمْ تَجِدُوا مَاءً فَتَيَمَّمُوا صَعِيدًا طَيِّبًا فَامْسَحُوا بِوُجُوهِكُمْ وَأَيْدِيكُم مِّنْهُ ۚ مَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيَجْعَلَ عَلَيْكُم مِّنْ حَرَجٍ وَلَـٰكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمْ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعْمَتَهُ عَلَيْكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
Yusuf Ali: O ye who believe! when ye prepare for prayer, wash your faces, and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; Rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands, Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete his favour to you, that ye may be grateful.
Shakir: O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.
Pickthall: O ye who believe! When ye rise up for prayer, wash you faces, and your hands up to the elbows, and lightly rub your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if ye are unclean, purify yourselves. And if ye are sick or on a journey, or one of you cometh from the closet, or ye have had contact with women, and ye find not water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that ye may give thanks.
Mohsin Khan: O you who believe! When you intend to offer As-Salat (the prayer), wash your faces and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to ankles . If you are in a state of Janaba (i.e. after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (bathe your whole body). But if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (i.e. sexual intercourse), and you find no water, then perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah does not want to place you in difficulty, but He wants to purify you, and to complete His Favour to you that you may be thankful.
Saheeh: O you who have believed, when you rise to [perform] prayer, wash your faces and your forearms to the elbows and wipe over your heads and wash your feet to the ankles. And if you are in a state of janabah, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey or one of you comes from the place of relieving himself or you have contacted women and do not find water, then seek clean earth and wipe over your faces and hands with it. Allah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.
اے ایمان والو! جب تم نماز کے لیے اٹھو تو اپنے منہ دھو لو اور ہاتھ کہنیوں تک اور اپنے سروں پر مسح کرو اور اپنے پاؤں ٹخنوں تک دھو لو اور اگر تم ناپاک ہو تو نہا لو اور اگرتم بیمار ہو یا سفر پر ہو یا کوئی تم میں سے جائے ضرور سے آیا ہو یا عورتوں کے پاس گئے ہو پھر تم پانی نہ پاؤ تو پاک مٹی سے تیمم کر لو اور اسے اپنے مونہوں او رہاتھوں پر مل لو الله تم پر تنگی کرنا نہیں چاہتا لیکن تمہیں پاک کرنا چاہتا ہے اور تاکہ اپنا احسان تم پر پورا کرے تاکہ تم شکر کرو
Shia wipes face and feet instead of washing. Among above translators Shakir is Shia and he translated as “and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles”.
April 7, 2021 at 12:12 pm
It all comes down to Principles of understanding Quran, which require some detail and can be read and watched at:
As far as your specific question related to different interpretation of Quran’s Wuzu directives is concerned, the following videos will help you understand the reason giving rise to such differences (first video) and how we can conclusively say after applying principles of Classic Arabic Linguistics, that one is right i.e. washing feet and other one is wrong i.e. masah of feet (second video) and how it ultimately proves the Quran’s status as being the true Meezan.
The method of doing wudu that is mentioned in these verses (5:6) is that first the face shall be washed and the hands up to the elbows and after that the whole of the head shall be wiped and after that the feet shall be washed. The wiping of the whole head is essential because for this directive the words are وَامْسَحُواْ بِرُؤُوسِكُمْ (wipe your head) and those who are aware of the subtleties of the Arabic language know that on such occasions the letter بsignifies completeness. Similarly, it apparently seems that the directive regarding feet is governed by the verb وَامْسَحُواْ (wipe). However, the words إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ (up to the ankles) after أَرْجُلَكُمْ (your feet) declined in the accusative are decisive that this directive is coordinated to أَيْدِيكُم (your hands). Had they been coordinated to رُؤُوسِكُمْ (your heads) the words إِلَى الْكَعْبَينِ (up to the ankles) would have been redundant. We can see this from the verses of tayammum where wiping has not been made conditional to إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ (up to the elbows). Hence, the feet shall necessarily be washed. Their directive has been deferred merely to keep intact the sequence of washing the limbs in wudu.
Please also refer to the video below from 35:24 to 37:07
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