Both can be used for the same meaning when used separately that is the believer or Muslim, however, when used together, they have different meanings.
in Al Bayan Ghamidi saheb writes:
“When this word is mentioned with īmān the way it is here, then it signifies the external form of Islām, ie., the state of consigning one’s self to God which manifests itself in the words, deeds and limbs of a person, and after seeing which everyone knows that that person has adopted the obedience of God and His Messenger and that no sphere of his life is now outside its ambit.
Īmān is the inner facet of religion and here it implies the full faith one has about the promises of God together with His true cognizance. Thus a person who believes in God in such a manner that he submits himself totally to him and is satisfied over His decisions in the utmost manner, is called a mu’min (true believer).”
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