Minority/Majority Scholarly Opinions And Ijma
Most likely this question has already been answered and I’m aware of that Ghamidi Sahib professes that there is no significance of Ijma when it comes to divine laws or to determine what is halal/Haram.
Context:- When it comes to things for which there is no clear cut answer in the Quran/Sunnah and there is a difference of opinion. Some people I know say “In those cases the right thing to do is to go with the majority opinion as they are scholars and their collective intelligence is superior when it comes to the intellect of a layman”.
However the problem with that is that we have historically seen majority opinions change too. So every time the majority shifts in favor of the opposite opinion does this equal to a change of the sharia? (Very absurd).
For example let’s take the whole ruling of pictures/imagery. Until the last 40-60 years ago majority opinion was that they are Haram so much so that even scholars who were well respected and their followers such as Bin baaz would not carry money in the form Saudi bills but just coins as the bills had pictures of the Saudi family members. But now when you look now all the adherents of those scholars, they take pictures, use social media and in fact the most efficient medium of their whole dawah movement is via electronic media via videos and pictures of them.
In the above example there are 3 possibilities I can think of:-
Possiblity 1:- Sharia of Allah is constant and the opinion was wrong back then and right now or vice versa.
Possiblity 2:- Allah has left matters such as these to the wisdom and scholarship of us humans but under the condition that we must follow the collective consensus/majority opinion in these matters. (My friend’s opinion and they cite the proofs from Quranic ayah and Hadith such that Muslims don’t gather on zalala and to minimize fitna)
Possiblity 3:- Allah has left matters such as these to the wisdom and scholarship of us humans as long as we are intellectually honest and form an honest opinion we can follow the opinion which best suits our individual intellect (makes sense to me personally given that by nature nobody is the same by nature and the subjectivity of the world around us).
Question:- to me possibility 1 is out of the window. However only 1 out of either possibility 2 or possibility 3 is correct can someone shed light on this issue?
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