hello there i wanted to ask that what is the difference between makruh and Haram?
secondly, does anything which we say to be makruh, or ‘not recommended’. is it necessarily a minor sin to do it? if a person keeps on doing something which is makruh then would he be doing Istikbaar? is every makruh thing a sin?
a passage from Islamqa website telling difference of makruh is
“Disliked is that which the Lawgiver disallowed, but not in the sense of it being obligatory to refrain from it.”
but if Allah disallowed it, then would it be a sin to do it?
examples include giving and taking with the left hand; women following funeral processions; conversing after ‘Isha’; praying in a single garment of which no part is over the shoulder; offering supererogatory prayers after Fajr until the sun is fully risen, or after ‘Asr until the sun has set.
will doing any of these be sinful? and doing it continuously constitute istikbar?
The term Makruh does not belong to the basic religious sources of the Shariah rather it has been coined by some juristic schools of thought. Some of the jurists believe that if a Hadith narraion ascribed to the Holy Prophet (sws) renders something forbidden then it is Makruh. Then there are two categories of Makruh: Makruh-e-Tehrimi and Makruh-e-Tanzihi. The former being Wajib and the latter being not wajib in Hanfi epistemology. This categorization is based on the nature of mode of transmission of knowledge i.e. akhbar-i-ahad.
However, Ghamidi Sahab belives that Quran describes sins in two forms:
i) major sins:
When someone commits an act prohibited in Quran (i.e. declared Haram) (e.g. Quran 7:33) or ignores any obligatory part of religion, then it will result in a major sin (More details on Major Sins: Discussion 63831 • Reply 63846).
ii) mistakes (saiyyat/laghzishain) which can be called minor sins in loose terms:
Violation of all matters of etiquettes, recommended acts in religion or adoption of discouraged acts which are transmitted through Quran and Sunnah, if intentional, would result in minor sins. for example, if one intentionally eats with his left hand despite being right handed.
However, it should be kept in mind that matters of Sadd-e-Zariya (either in Quran or Sunnah) can be considered as waived if the illat of that directive has either vanished or new circumstances have made that illat redundant (for example: two women witnesses in place of one or no iddah if pregnancy can be ensured with certainty are examples of sadd-e-zariya directives). In such circumstances, there is no sin on the person. But if a person intentionally violates any Sadd-e-Zariya directive without going through the process of determining illat and fulfiliing objective of the directive through other means, then it will result in a minor sin as well. (Further Details: Discussion 6015 • Reply 17690).
Istikbar cannot manifest itself in minor sins solely, it ultimately manifests itself in major sins. As long as one is free from major sins, then it is more likely that there can be no istakbar in the person. However, one should be mindful of intentional violations resulting in minor sins as well, because such an attitude can encompass whole personality of a person and a person may commit major sin eventually or may ultimately adopt istakbar in front of Lord’s commandment.
The examples quoted in the question are sadd-e-zariya directives based on guidance available in Quran and Sunnah and the principle for Sadd-e-Zariya directives has already been described above. (For example, see: Discussion 1626)
Following videos will help understand the matter in more depth:
@Irfan76@UmerQureshi as here in this video ghamidi Sahab said that it would be a minor sin if a person does not adopt something that is mustahab. but i remember that in another video ghamidi Sahab was saying that in Deen there are some things which are farz and some which are nafl, so between distinguishing them he said if we do farz then we receive reward but if we don’t do farz then we receive sin, whereas in the matter of nafl prayer he said, that if we do that then we get reward but if we don’t do that, even so that if we don’t do that throughout our whole life then still Allah won’t hold us accountable for it. but we know nafl are mustahab, and according to that video of we don’t do that we don’t get accountable but here in this video he says it would be minor sin
Minor Sins are for intentional violation of those acts which are independent injunctions, not necessarily obligatory, but injunctions nevertheless and explicitly mentioned in Quran or Sunnah. For example, eating with right hand, trimming nails, circumcision, loan contract in writing, two female witnesses in place of one etc.
Salah is itself a separate injunction and a part of it is fard; nafl Salah is not an independent injunction, rather an extension of an independent injunction which already exists (i.e. fard salah) and falls in category of pure nafl.
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