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  • Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (sws) And Tawatur

    Posted by Abdur Rahman on November 10, 2023 at 2:41 am

    Why is it that last sermon (Hajjatul Wida) of prophet is recorded in few hadiths (8 Hadith’s) if it was transmitted through Ijma and Tawattur ? It should have been present in each and every book of hadith

    Even if people remembered some parts of the sermon then why is it that the parts of sermon is not present in each and every book of hadith ?

    Reference –

    (Reference: See Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361) Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774.)

    Jazakallahu Khairaa.

    Umer replied 1 week, 5 days ago 2 Members · 4 Replies
  • 4 Replies
  • Last Sermon Of Prophet Muhammad (sws) And Tawatur

    Umer updated 1 week, 5 days ago 2 Members · 4 Replies
  • Abdur Rahman

    Member November 12, 2023 at 2:17 am

    Even by Ahle Hadith/Salafi standards below book does not list the last sermon of prophet in it.


  • Umer

    Moderator November 15, 2023 at 7:57 am

    These are two separate terms which seem to have been intermingled in the Question:

    1) Ijma and Tawatur (as established history)

    2) Mutawatir Hadith (as category of Ahaad)

    Following thread explains the difference between these terms:

    Discussion 87226

    The Book shared above committed the same mistake of mixing these two terms. What they did was they took some Mutawatir Hadith narrations and made a false claim of historical tawatur for them since its origination from Prophet Muhammad (sws). In terms of historical transmission of words, it is only Quran which has achieved perpetual concurrence (qoli tawatur) in addition to Ijma to the highest level where in simple terms, its each and every word is part of established history now (Tawatur).

    As far as the last Hajj of Prophet Muhammad (sws) is concerned (i.e. Hajjat-ul-Wida), the fact that Prophet Muhammad (sws) attended that last Hajj and gave a final sermon is something which falls under Ijma and this information is transmitted through Tawatur (also known as established history). The details pertaining to that last sermon however are a domain of Akhbar-i-Ahad. Another fact which needs to be kept in mind is that as per the reports, it appears that the Prophet (sws) delivered three different sermons: One in Arafa (9th Zulhajja), Second one on Youm-e-Nahr (10th Zulhajja) and a Third one in between Ayam-e-Tashreeq (most probably 11th Zulhajja). Some people say that one more sermon was delivered on 7th Zulhajja as well (thus making the total number of sermons as four). The total narrations reported in different books regarding this last sermon (all three occasions) roughly turn out to be 1163 (including same chains repeated in different books) and are primarily narrated from the following Sahaba who have narrated the relevant parts according to their own preference or maybe it got truncated by one of the narrators in the process of transmission (some narrating only a small portion of it while a few narrating a bigger portion):

    1) Jabir bin Abdullah (rta) (

    2) Nafi Bin Haris (rta) (Also known with name Nafi Bin Masruh) (

    3) Nubait bin Shareet (rta) (

    4) Umm-e-Abi Harrah Ar-Raqqashi (rta) (

    5) Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar (rta) (

    6) Amru Bin Al-Haus Al-Jashmi (rta) (

    7) Abu Saeed Al-Khudri (rta) (

    8) Al-Adaa bin Khalid Al-Qaisi (rta)

    9) Saraa Bint-e-Nabhan (rta)

    10) Abdullah Ibn-e-Masud (rta) (

    11) Wabisa bin Moeed Al-Asadi (rta)

    12) Ammar bin Yasir (rta)

    13) Abdullah bin Zubair (rta)

    14) Al-Haris bin Amr Al-Sahbi (rta) (

    15) Fazala bin Ubaid Al-Ansari

    16) Abdullah Ibn-e-Abbas (rta) (

    17) Hizaim bin Amr Al-Saadi (rta)(

    18) Hujair bin Abi Hujair Al-Halali (rta)

  • Abdur Rahman

    Member November 16, 2023 at 5:59 am

    Thanks Umer bhai, In sha allah will go through the above videos…

    Its usually said that the last sermon is the charter for human rights. I guess that the words that white does not have supremacy over black nor an arab has supremacy over non-arab usually quoted from last sermon is not there in authentic narrations

    Does this sermon really is the original human rights charter ? Please correct me if I am wrong. Seems like UN human rights charter is falsely attributed to prophet (sws) last sermon.

    • Umer

      Moderator November 20, 2023 at 12:14 am

      Following words of the Prophet (sws) from this sermon are taken as a basis for human rights and the same has been accepted this way by Ghamidi Sahab as well:

      إِنَّ وَدِمَاءَكُمْ وَأَمْوَالَكُمْ وَأَعْرَاضَكُمْ بَيْنَكُمْ حَرَامٌ كَحُرْمَةِ يَوْمِكُمْ هَذَا فِي شَهْرِكُمْ هَذَا فِي بَلَدِكُمْ هَذَا

      Indeed, your lives, your wealth, and your honour are as sacred and inviolable as this day of [sacrifice of] yours in this city of [Makkah of] yours in this month of [Dhual-Hajj of] yours. (Bukhari:


      Please also refer to the video below from 15:37 to 24:03

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